Toyota, Redword Resources to operate on battery recycling

Toyota Motor North The us is the most recent automaker to collaborate with battery recycling corporation Redwood Resources as it is effective to supply a more sustainable battery offer chain for its electric powered car or truck force.

The shift comes as Toyota is getting 1 of the to start with automotive companies to accumulate close-of-existence batteries. The firm’s Prius, relationship to 1997, was the to start with mass-market gasoline-electric powered hybrid car, and its batteries are among the 1st to achieve recycling age en masse.

Redwood Components, established by former Tesla Main Technologies Officer JB Straubel, aims to split down conclude-of-lifestyle batteries and use their components in new kinds. Ford, Volvo and Tesla have previously struck specials with the organization.

“Toyota helped pave the way for thoroughly clean transportation with the introduction of the Toyota Prius additional than 20 years back. Their determination not only to provide millions of electrified vehicles this ten years but to assure their circularity into the potential is a crucial action for electrification,” Straubel stated in a push launch final 7 days.

Making a “circular ecosystem” for Toyota’s batteries is the prolonged-time period goal of the collaboration. This would entail Redwood Components breaking down Toyota’s batteries and sending their elements back again to the firm’s North American crops to be produced into new batteries.

This could alleviate some of the offer chain disruptions the field has been dealing with, in addition to slicing out environmentally dangerous harvesting techniques for “virgin” components these types of as lithium, cobalt and other metals.

Alexis Georgeson, vice president of communications and federal government relations for Redwood Elements, claimed the recycling of car or truck batteries is crucial for the sustainability of the EV market on the continent.

“Localizing and onshoring this is genuinely significant to be in a position to push up electrification in this country, and we’re viewing far more and much more automakers that are recognizing that,” Georgeson explained. “The two on recycling as properly as on sourcing the battery supplies additional regionally that go into their cell manufacturing.”

Nevertheless, recycled materials will not be likely into Toyota’s EV batteries in the close to upcoming.

Matthew Stich, common supervisor overseeing Toyota’s Battery Lifecycle Answers crew, claimed this collaboration will require gathering, screening and recycling Toyota’s hybrid electric automobile batteries.

He did counsel the chance of materials remanufacturing, data administration and battery well being screening in the future.

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Stellantis CEO warns of EV battery lack, deficiency of raw supplies

Stellantis CEO Carlos Tavares holds a information convention right after assembly with unions, in Turin, Italy, March 31, 2022.

Massimo Pinca | Reuters

Stellantis CEO Carlos Tavares stated he expects shortages of the batteries and uncooked supplies essential to make electric powered automobiles in the coming a long time, as the global automotive field pivots to EVs to fulfill an anticipated raise in consumer demand and govt polices.

Tavares explained he expects a shortage of EV batteries by 2024-2025, followed by a absence of raw supplies for the motor vehicles that will sluggish availability and adoption of EVs by 2027-2028.

“The pace at which we are seeking to transfer all jointly for the right explanation, which is repairing the world-wide warming concern, is so large that the source chain and the production capacities have no time to adjust,” he instructed media Tuesday right after the corporation announced a new $2.5 billion EV battery plant in Indiana.

Stellantis, the world’s fourth-major carmaker, was fashioned by the merger of Fiat Chrysler and France-dependent Groupe PSA last 12 months.

Tavares utilized the prospect of a scarcity to urge policymakers globally to cease aggressively going targets for EVs ahead.

European regulators have been amid the most aggressive in applying new EV regulations, with individuals in the United Kingdom announcing ideas to ban the sale of cars with classic inner combustion engines by 2030, quicker than the preceding goal date of 2040. The Biden administration final yr also declared a target for 50 % of all automobiles in the U.S. to be EVs by the stop of the 10 years.  

“All the vehicle companies now, at minimum the ideal ones, are now entire pace in advance in whole execution method, heading as quick as they can,” Tavares said. “The only issue that actually allows to deliver is steadiness. Quit enjoying with the regulations. Go away the rules as they are and enable people today work thoroughly.”

Tavares expects a bottleneck in batteries very first, as more EV manufacturing plants arrive on the web. He then expects those people facilities to make a lack of raw resources for the automobiles. These shortages have been a aim of Wall Street analysts when rating automakers and predicting their capacity to sell EVs.

This is not the very first time Tavares has warned of this kind of a scarcity, but it’s the most specific.

“The stage is, when we want to transfer as well quickly with a massive magnitude and there is not enough feasibility reports, we may well be bumping on this form of things,” Tavares said. “You will see that the electrification route, which is a pretty bold one, in a time window that has been set by the administrations is likely to bump on the offer facet.”

Automakers globally have set gross sales anticipations to transition sure manufacturers to solely providing EVs by the conclusion of this decade, if not faster.

Stellantis is investing $35 billion in EVs and expects to achieve annual income of 5

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Chinese electric powered motor vehicle maker Nio would share battery swap tech to other automakers

Hui Zhang, controlling director of Nio in Europe, advised journalists at an occasion held in Norway last 7 days the business wasin talks with automakers without the need of naming them.

When requested to clarify regardless of whether sharing meant licensing or a further form of organization arrangement, the firm declined to offered addition facts.

Nio has so far crafted 868 swap stations in China and statements its buyers have swapped batteries 7.6 million occasions.

The enterprise has touted battery swapping as a exclusive offering position for the brand’s high quality SUVs and forthcoming sedan range and offering the battery swap platform would be the equal of Tesla’s latest conclusion to allow other brands to use its Supercharger community.

Battery swapping is significantly speedier than charging but the price to install the network is a great deal increased. A research printed last 12 months by The Swedish Transportation Administration wanting at battery swapping quoted Nio-sourced figures declaring every swap station costs $772,000 (699,000 euros) to create in China, like batteries and web site leasing, in comparison to $309,112 for a lender of cost points.

Nio claimed it is searching to decrease build fees for the swap stations, which presently have the capacity to store 13 batteries.

Licensing its platform to an additional automaker could increase the utilization amount of the swap stations, creating them extra value effective.

A single attainable purchaser is Geely-owned Lotus Know-how, the Chinese “life-style” division of the British athletics car maker, in which Nio has an financial commitment by using its enterprise funds arm.

Geely has its have designs to established up 5,000 battery swapping stations for electric powered autos globally by 2025. It has not said whether or not it would build its individual system.

The Chinese governing administration has been supporting the rollout of swap stations in the region. In a indicator of this, Beijing has specified Nio exemptions from a policy that dropped EV acquire incentives for quality-priced motor vehicles.

China’s Ministry of Market and Data Technology (MIIT) previous yr published the international auto industry’s initial benchmarks for battery swapping technologies aimed at encouraging broader adoption of the follow.

Approximately all consumers of the ES8 SUV that Nio released in Norway have opted to lease the battery separately, which provides entry to swapping stations, Nio stated.

Two free of charge swaps are included a thirty day period in the battery lease rate. Shoppers can opt to switch involving shelling out much more for the 100-kilowatt-hour battery or the less costly 75 kWh battery, which arrives later this 12 months.

Nio will grow into Sweden, the Netherlands and Germany afterwards this calendar year.

Nio’s start product in Germany will be the ET7 sedan, an electrical rival to the BMW 7 Sequence, which also comes with battery swapping technological know-how.

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Rising Battery Prices Add Uncertainty to Electric-Vehicle Costs

Surging prices for the metals that make up electric-vehicle batteries have ended a decadelong decline that brought the cost of EVs to within spitting distance of gasoline-powered vehicles.

Since 2010, lithium-ion battery prices on average have tumbled 90% to about $130 per kilowatt-hour. The magic number that makes electric vehicles competitive with internal-combustion engine vehicles is roughly $100 a kilowatt-hour. Many expected the battery industry to reach that mark in 2024, a goal that is looking increasingly elusive.

Lower costs helped boost EV sales by 112% in 2021 to more than 6.3 million units world-wide from the previous year, according to Benchmark Mineral Intelligence, which tracks the global battery supply chain.

Now, prices are soaring for the key ingredients in batteries. Battery-grade cobalt prices are up 119% from Jan. 1, 2020, through mid-January 2022, nickel sulfate gained 55% and lithium carbonate rose 569%, according to Benchmark.

“What’s happening in the supply chain is casting doubt on that $100 kilowatt-hour price,” said Caspar Rawles, Benchmark’s chief data officer. “We’re hearing [about] quite significant price increases for auto makers from cell suppliers.” Some battery-cell makers that historically offered long-term fixed-price contracts have switched to variable-price deals, letting them pass on some of the costs of rising metals prices to customers, he said.

Volkswagen employees working on an electric-vehicle assembly line in Germany in 2019.



Photo:

Krisztian Bocsi/Bloomberg News

Most major U.S. and European auto makers shifted their focus to electric vehicles in the past few years, prompting a burst in demand that quickly outpaced supplies. China, which dominates the battery supply chain and has the world’s largest EV market, has also significantly increased EV production. Since it typically takes seven to 10 years to open a new mine, many battery materials could remain in short supply for years.

“You’ve got soaring demand for all these battery metals, and there’s this complete disconnect” between the mining sector and the automotive industry, said Daniel Clarke, thematic analyst at GlobalData, a data analytics group in London.

The lithium market is expected to see its biggest shortage on record in tons in 2022 amid soaring demand, labor problems and Covid-19 disruptions, according to Benchmark. EV auto makers in China have already started boosting prices, with

BYD Co.

raising the sticker price on some models by more than $1,000, Benchmark said.

Tesla CEO Elon Musk has said one of his biggest raw-material concerns is nickel.



Photo:

Susan Walsh/Associated Press

Tesla Inc.

Chief Executive

Elon Musk

last year said one of his biggest raw-material concerns was nickel. “So hopefully this message goes out to all mining companies,” he said on an earnings call. “Please get nickel.”  Tesla has a contract to get nickel from

BHP Group Ltd.

, the world’s largest miner by market value.

New projects also often face protests from nearby communities, raising questions about expanded supplies. In January, Serbia revoked

Rio Tinto

PLC’s lithium

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Governor Ivey Joins Dura Automotive to Celebrate Grand Opening of Large-Tech Manufacturing unit in Muscle mass Shoals for EV Battery Enclosures

Muscle SHOALS — Governor Kay Ivey joined officers with Dura Automotive Methods on Thursday to rejoice the official unveiling of the company’s new condition-of-the-art manufacturing facility in Muscle Shoals, which will make electrical car or truck battery enclosures.

The 200,000-square-foot facility is envisioned to make use of a lot more than 270 full-time employees at peak output, with an estimated expenditure of $75 million. It will provide lightweight aluminum EV battery enclosures to the Mercedes-Benz electrical battery assembly plant in Bibb County.

“It has been 25 many years considering the fact that Mercedes-Benz assisted start our automotive business, and in that time, Alabama has grown to come to be a national leader in car or truck exports,” explained Governor Kay Ivey. “I’m unbelievably thrilled to welcome Dura Automotive Units to Alabama’s booming automotive sector, and I glance ahead to seeing this corporation go on to improve in our great point out.”

The Alabama facility is Dura’s most the latest addition to a rising family of globally web sites and household to the company’s first lightweight structures financial investment in North The usa. The leading website is built to assistance the immediate output of luxurious electric powered vehicles planned throughout the next ten years.

The high-tech producing procedures at Dura’s Alabama facility will employ innovative robotics and proprietary forming and becoming a member of systems to make lightweight constructions made use of for EV battery methods.

“This milestone celebration celebrates our ongoing partnership with customers to speed up the changeover to electrified, higher-effectiveness cars,” mentioned Dura CEO Carl Beckwith. “On behalf of Dura and our traders, I prolong appreciation to our personnel, Mercedes-Benz, and the lots of individuals in the government and provide foundation that worked previously mentioned and beyond to make this vision a actuality. Your accomplishment adds however a further steppingstone along the route toward a zero-emission foreseeable future.”

The Muscle Shoals factory features important security, performance, and environmentally clean processes. These include things like:

  • A symphony of extra than 60 robots, skilled and executed by technical gurus, is deployed in the course of producing.
  • More than 500 gentle curtains, lasers, and proximity switches are active to make certain basic safety for staff through the web-site.
  • Comprehensive LED lighting through the building is controlled as a result of movement activation to reduce strength use.
  • State-of-the-art drinking water treatment systems fed by reverse osmosis procedures lessen water intake and shield the clean water supply.

“I am thrilled with the teamwork utilized to construct this outstanding new facility and even extra energized about the vocation chances it results in,” explained Paul Underwood, Dura’s Muscle mass Shoals Plant Supervisor. “This was a genuinely collaborative work with neighborhood and world technology professionals working hand-in-hand to convey to everyday living an remarkable web-site that will be the foundation for added job generation in our community.”

Organizing and design of the new facility ended up accomplished in just eight months, leveraging the collaborative endeavours of Dura technological teams, suppliers, and federal government

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Northvolt rolls out Europe’s to start with ‘gigafactory-era’ motor vehicle battery | Automotive business

Electrical vehicles have gone mainstream in Europe – they accounted for virtually a fifth of all car buys in the Uk last month. Yet 1 piece has been lacking up to now: European batteries.

That is now transforming. On Tuesday night, Northvolt, a startup, made its 1st lithium ion battery mobile at a plant in northern Sweden. It is the very first of a series of new factories that buyers hope will allow for Europe to carve out a major proportion of the electric auto sector – and weaken the stranglehold developed up by brands in China, Japan and Korea.

The Northvolt Ett site will be the to start with European-owned plant to develop at so-named gigafactory scale. Gigafactories are commonly regarded to be people able of making adequate batteries just about every year to give about 15 gigawatt hours (GWh) of cumulative storage.

Only two big battery factories are operational in Europe, according to Benchmark Mineral Intelligence (BMI), a battery information organization: a factory in Wrocław, Poland, run by Korea’s LG, and a further owned by Korea’s Samsung close to Budapest in Hungary.

Yet there are 25 gigafactories planned for the continent by 2030, in accordance to BMI, as the industry races to retain up with soaring demand from customers for electric powered cars. Nine of individuals are owned by Asian companies, which handle most of the world provide.

The Uk is arguably additional at the rear of the rest of Europe, with options for only two gigafactories. A single will be a key growth of a compact battery plant in Sunderland by the Chinese corporation Imagine, although the Glencore-backed startup Britishvolt is making an attempt to safe funding for a homegrown rival in close by Blyth.

Area authorities in Coventry are seeking to uncover a producer for a 3rd site at the area airport, but nobody has nevertheless stepped ahead – a circumstance that has solid a shadow more than the prospects of the United kingdom automotive sector as it strives to exchange the declining inner combustion motor sector.

Simon Moores, BMI’s main government, hailed Northvolt’s first cell as “Europe’s 1st gigafactory-period lithium ion battery”.

Regardless of its startup position, Northvolt has attained heavyweight financial backing from Volkswagen, the world’s greatest automobile producer, and the investment financial institution Goldman Sachs. Its $2.75bn (£2.1bn) funding round in June valued it at $12bn.

Northvolt hopes to rapidly extend manufacturing at the plant at Skellefteå in northern Sweden to generate 60GWh a year – sufficient to source batteries for a million electric powered autos. Industrial deliveries will start out in the new year.

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The startup already boasts contracts worth $30bn with significant European providers such as the carmakers BMW, Volkswagen, Volvo Cars and trucks and Polestar, the truck company Scania, and the power storage company Fluence. Carmakers are belatedly ramping up electric powered auto output to satisfy tightening emissions targets as well

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